According to the Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2019, Full Stack Development is the most popular developer occupation today.
A Full-Stack Developer is the one who understands the entire software stack and the one who is capable to work on both the front-end and back-end section of an application. Front-end or a client-side is everything involved with what user sees or interacts with, and the back-end or the Server-side refers to everything that user can’t like databases,servers, user authentication, server configuration, etc.
Being a Full-Stack Developer doesn’t mean that you have mastered everything required to work with the front-end and back-end, but it means that you can able to work on both front and Back end and can easily understand the entire structure when building an application.
As Per the report of Indeed’s best jobs of 2019, the demand for Full Stack Developers increased to 206% from 2015 to 2018 as more companies are looking for multiskilled.
If you want to become a full stack developer in 2019, here are a list of things you need to Learn
Front End Technologies
HTML and CSS are the most important front end languages. This is a must known for any full stack developer. Every one who wants to be a web developer will start with these two languages as they are the building blocks of the web.
Back End Technologies
For Back End Development you can learn server side languages or frameworks such as Node.js, ASP.NET, python,Ruby on Rails, PHP and GO
Whenever building applications, your applications will generate data and you must store it and access later. So a Full Stack Developer should have a clear understanding of Databases and Storage.
You should learn any database technologies such as MongoDB, , MySQL, and PostgreSQL etc. Understanding of frameworks such as RoR, CakePHP and Express.js which are associated with server-side and web server technologies will be an added advantage.
The Full stack developer should also have a sound knowledge on DevOps in creating and managing the databases, cloud storages, and propriety cloud APIs.
Web Application Architecture
Understanding application architecture is very crucial when you concentrate on the large and complex projects. you’ll need to learn to structure the code, separate your files, hosting your large files, structuring the data in your database, and a lot more aspects.
Web Application Architecture is a framework that is composed of the relationships and communication between application components, such as middleware systems, user interfaces, databases and Storage.
You should never miss these topics as they can help you learn how to architect your applications effectively. Learn about Platform as a Service, Performance optimization of the Applications and modern browsers and most importantly MVC(Model-View-Controller)
HTTP and REST
HTTP is a stateless application protocol used to communicate between servers and clients. REST, is an interface that uses HTTP to generate operations on the data or obtain it in whichever format possible.
You should have a proper understanding of what is REST and Designing RESTful API. Learning to use Chrome DevTools can be very helpful. Inaddition to it you should have knowledge about SSL certificates.
Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency. Git is easy to learn and has a tiny footprint with lightning fast performance. It helps developers in tracking changes in source code during software development.
You should have a proper understanding of How Git works and list of Git Commands.
Thus one cannot master at all the layers but learning will give you a greater understanding of all these layers. Having a basic understanding of these skills will help you to work in a more efficient and faster way rather than depending on others. Thus the advantage of full stack developers is that they can have a clear understanding of the entire development process.
At the same time, There is a great benefit for businesses working with Full Stack Developers. Whether it is taking care of the front or back end or working on the business layer, they take care of everything with ease which also saves the development time and cost.
If you looking to hire full stack developers, At Employcoder, our Full Stack developers are excelled across all process of software development from Front End technologies to Back end technologies to deliver end to end solutions to the Clients. We specialise in offering wide range of Full Stack Development Services.
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